At a time when questions such as the relation of Christianity to Judaism, the place of the Hebrew scriptures Christian Old Testament in Christian life and thinking, the proper method for interpreting scripture especially passages that describe God as capricious, despotic, or vindictiveand indeed the very terms in which the Christian faith would be expressed, were matters of intense dispute, Marcion provided clear and unequivocal answers.
Marcion was the first to introduce an early Christian canon. While most Christians saw continuity between the covenant with Israel and the new covenant initiated under Jesus, Marcion saw only contradiction and opposition, and by a selective reading of the scriptures he sought to restore and repristinate the original and authentic faith that had been obscured by Christian teachers.
Wilken Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Since the Paulicians were likely the predecessors of the Bogomilists, and perhaps also the Waldensians and Cathars, Marcion may well have created many of European Christianity's medieval boogeymen. For example, Marcion argued that the Genesis account of Yahweh walking through the Garden of Eden asking where Adam was, had proved Yahweh inhabited a physical body and was without universal knowledgeattributes wholly incompatible with the Heavenly Father professed by Jesus.
Marcion and His Influence. Of these, Syneros was the leader and chief. But Marcion had little sympathy for the speculative systems of the Gnostic teachers: While it's essentially impossible to resolve these issues because of the anonymity and uncertain composition date of Luke-Actsthe scenarios in which Marcion pre-dates Luke at least provide one possible explanation for why so much of Matthew was discarded: Focusing on the Pauline traditions of the Gospel, Marcion felt that all other conceptions of the Gospel, and especially any association with the Old Testament religion, was opposed to, and a backsliding from, the truth.
A fundamental study, with a collection of the most important texts. Gnosticism[ edit ] Marcion is sometimes described as a Gnostic philosopher. The suppression of the Marcionist form of Christianity is thus viewed as a catalyst for the development of the New Testament canonthe establishment of a centralized church lawand the structuring of the Church.
Also, the Christology of the Marcionites is thought to have been primarily Doceticdenying the human nature of Christ. In bringing together these texts, Marcion redacted what is perhaps the first New Testament canon on record, which he called the Gospel and the Apostolikon, which reflects his belief in the writings of Jesus and the apostle Paul respectively.
By the end of the century, there were Marcionite congregations in cities throughout the Roman world, and writers in Greek Justin MartyrLatin Tertullianand Syriac Bardesanes, or Bardaisan were refuting his views. A fundamental study, with a collection of the most important texts.
The former, "Creator God," held mankind in a deceitful grasp from which the "Redeemer God" sought, through the mission of Jesus, to save him.
Therefore, Marcion played a role in finalizing the structure and contents of the collection of works now called the New Testament. This of itself shows that it is a mistake to reckon Marcion among the Gnostics. As the law which governs the world is inflexible and yet, on the other hand, full of contradictions, just and again brutal, and as the law of the Old Testament exhibits the same features, so the God of creation was to Marcion a being who united in himself the whole gradations of attributes from justice to malevolence, from obstinacy to inconsistency.
The reason why I believe the Acts of John is giving insight into a growing schism is because of its inclusion of a character named Callimachus. A shipowner by profession and a man of wealth, he was a member of the Christian church in his home city where, according to some sources, his father was bishopbut he left there after being ejected by the church.
According to Harnack, the sect may have led other Christians to introduce a formal statement of beliefs into their liturgy see Creed and to formulate a canon of authoritative Scripture of their own, thus eventually producing the current canon of the New Testament.
The longest and most important of these is by Tertullian. Later manifestations[ edit ] The Paulicians, a later sect from the same area, shared much of Marcion's theology. That the Marcionite Church, and more particularly, its heterodox doctrines, posed a threat to the early Christian Church is well attested to by the number of, as well as the vehemence of, treatises written against it in the 2nd and 3rd centuries.Marcion (mär´shən, mär´sēən), c–c, early Christian bishop, founder of the Marcionites, one of the first great Christian heresies to rival Catholic Christianity.
He was born in Sinope. He was born in Sinope. Marcionism was an Early Christian dualist belief system that originated in the teachings of Marcion of Sinope at Rome around the year Marcion believed Jesus was the savior sent by God, and Paul the Apostle was his chief apostle, but he rejected the Hebrew Bible and the God of Israel.
Sep 12, · In my opinion, Marcion of Sinope was among the most influential figures in the development of early Christianity. Based on reconstructions of his theology, drawn from polemical treatises against him, he was probably the first person to use a canon which had any variety, and he also seems to have been the first person to consume.
Marcion of Sinope was an important figure in early Christianity. His theology rejected the deity described in the Hebrew Scriptures and in distinction affirmed the Father of Christ as the true God.
The Church Fathers denounced Marcion, and he was excommunicated from the proto-orthodox Church. He published his own list of New Testament books, making him a catalyst in speeding up the process of. Marcionism was an Early Christian dualist belief system that originated in the teachings of Marcion of Sinope at Rome around the year  Marcion believed Jesus was the savior sent by God, and Paul the Apostle was his chief apostle, but he rejected the Hebrew Bible and the God of Israel.
Marcion of Pontus, (flourished 2nd century ce), Christian heretic.
Although Marcion is known only through reports and quotations from his orthodox opponents, especially Tertullian’s Adversus Marcionem (“Against Marcion”), the .Download