In conclusion, the use of…… [Read More] Landry, D. Those in support of embryonic stem cell research claim that the week-old blastocysts from which embryonic stem cells are derived are merely a cluster of cells and thus do not constitute a human being.
As soon as the sperm is injected into the egg, the cells start to divide very rapidly. One position that opponents of embryonic stem cell research assert is what "The Ethics of Embryonic Stem Cell Research" calls the full moral status view Embryonic research has continued nonetheless by means of alternative funding.
Scientists could then culture these stem cells by creating conditions that enable them to replicate many times in a petri dish without differentiating.
The basic point here would be that human beings are engaging with a dangerous power that may be intimately connected with the very origins of life itself. The question then is, what is the most respectful way to treat these valuable embryos?
Moreover, transplantation of ES-derived cells has offered promising results in animal models. Changing social values and attitudes impact on various areas of concern to nurses and on the decisions they have to make.
The side for human embryonic stem cell research says that there is a clear difference between human embryos and human beings, and that it is important to use the cells in medical research to benefit the human races quality of life.
Following this executive order, Congress passed the Dickey Amendment inprohibiting "federally appropriated funds from being used for either the creation of human embryos for research purposes or for research in which a human embryo or embryos are destroyed, discarded, or knowingly subjected to risk of injury or death" Liu 2.
Yet what truly decides the debate is the location of embryos. As is suggested by Eckman, simply because an embryo at one week is not as physically mature as one at nine months, it is not any less human, and should therefore not be treated as such.
Conclusion In summary, this essay has provided a historical and scientific overview of the issue of stem cell research. Additionally, the number of embryos ultimately required to fully develop and apply embryonic stem cell research will vastly exceed the number of frozen embryos currently provided by fertility clinics.
Also, human ES cells differentiate quite readily to trophoblast, whereas mouse ES cells do so poorly, if at all. Thus, mice can serve in a limited capacity as a model system for understanding the developmental events that support the initiation and maintenance of human pregnancy.
Cells resembling both oocytes and sperm have been successfully derived from mouse ES cells in vitro. The response to this problem is that the particular blastocysts that are harvested for embryonic stem cell research are taken from 1 embryos that are frozen during in vitro fertilization procedures and never implanted, 2 donated egg cells, and 3 embryos created specifically for the purpose of generating new stem cell lines.
This source argues against the usage of stem cell research. Therefore, opponents argue, as a human life, embryos possess the same rights and are thus entitled to the same protections as are afforded to other human beings.
More so that our moral perception of these embryos is different than that of a later-stage fetus, an infant, or an adult human being.
Embryonic stem cells are the source of all body tissue. While various arguments surround this debate, the main point of controversy is the source of stem cells used and the method with which they are obtained.
Also, species-specific differences between mice and humans meant that experience with mouse ES cells was not completely applicable to the derivation of human ES cells. After all, if this research can reduce suffering for thousands of people, are we not morally obligated to pursue it? Stem cells from this stem cell line could then be coaxed to differentiate in to the desired cell type, and be transferred into the patient so that they can repair the damaged tissue or organ" Devolder 6.
This is where nurses will have a difficult time reconciling. Researchers will have to deal with this for a long time. The inner surface of the culture dish is typically coated with mouse embryonic skin cells that have been treated so they will not divide.
Their name comes from the fact that they can be harvested from mature tissue without causing harm to the person from whom they are harvested. What there clearly can be controversy over, though, is how exactly the research agenda ought to proceed.
The cells divide and spread over the surface of the dish. Some states are now debating as to whether embryos should be created rather than collected from fertility clinics. It began with an introduction to the issue, proceeded to discuss the scientific and political history of the issue, and finally reflected on the current situation regarding the issue.
Scientists and researchers can only have opinions about this topic -- and cannot state with any degree of certainty what the actual answer for the inception of human life truly is. The reason for having the mouse cells in the bottom of the culture dish is to give the inner cell mass cells a sticky surface to which they can attach.
There may be stem cells in each of the different types of body tissue. Research utilizing these stem cells requires the destruction of an embryo, making the practice a point of moral, scientific, religious, and political controversy.
Each side has great and truth bearing arguments. Macone, Indeed, the issue on the stem cell will continue to be a highly charged one.
Restrictions on stem cell harvesting A good example of such restrictions can be seen in the guidelines for stem cell research released by the National Institute of Health inwhich stipulated that: Placenta derived stem cells Pluripotent more cells can be derived from placenta than cord blood.One position that opponents of embryonic stem cell research assert is what "The Ethics of Embryonic Stem Cell Research" calls the full moral status view (14).
This view holds that "the early embryo has the same moral status, that is, the same basic moral rights, claims, or. Should Embryonic Stem Cell Research Be Federally Funded?
anticipation. The discoveries of embryonic stem, ES, cells in by James A. Thomson, a biologist at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, was a great breakthrough for the medical world. The bill that has been passed in the state of Hawaii explicitly permits that the “research involving the derivation and use of human embryonic stem cells, human embryonic germ cells, and human adult stem cells from any source, including somatic cell nuclear transplantation” shall be permitted.
In this paper, I will establish what stem cells are and the difference between embryonic and adult stem cells; then I will evaluate the two main arguments in the embryonic stem cell research debate; and finally, I will analyze the ethics of these arguments to come to the conclusion that embryonic stem cell research is ethical under certain.
by Junying Yu * and James A. Thomson **. Human embryonic stem (ES) cells capture the imagination because they are immortal and have an almost unlimited developmental potential (Fig. How hESCs are derived).After many months of growth in culture dishes, these remarkable cells maintain the ability to form cells ranging from muscle to.
Read Stem Cell Research free essay and over 88, other research documents. Stem Cell Research. to the human embryonic cells.” Where do stem cells come from There are three different types of stem cells: Totipotent, from a fertilized human egg, that can become an entire human being.
Pluripotent, stem cells from a seven-day-old embryo or /5(1).Download