You may need to place some phrases in quotation marks to signal to the search engines that you are looking for a particular group of words, e. There were no changes in cellular morphology or evidence of apoptosis in viable epidermal cells after topical application of either NP preparation for 6 h Leite-Silva et al.
In other words, what are you left wondering? Student Sample Literature Review The Literature Review consists of an introduction, summary of scholarly sources, a discussion and evaluation of the sources including disputes and disagreementsand a conclusion in which you put forth your own potential original research questions that will contribute something new to the available understanding on the topic.
Of the 41 papers cited in this review, we were able to obtain the following only in abstract form: This section is your discussion and evaluation of the articles from your summary section and not your discussion of the issues themselves.
The fact that something has been published does not mean the findings are automatically trustworthy. These are just some of the things that you will have to take into consideration before making a final selection of your review topic.
QS mice were topically administered a total of 0. Get feedback on your article from colleagues. Nanosized TiO2 and ZnO exist in three separate states: In inhalation studies conducted in rodents, ZnO NPs caused mild acute pulmonary and systemic inflammation, pulmonary cell damage and a reduction in the antioxidant capacity of the lungs Gosens et al.
The outcomes in such reviews are usually expressed as relative risk, variance explained, or effect size, terms that you will have to understand and interpret in your review if you meet them. Rather the research question should attempt to advance the already-existing knowledge and understanding around your narrowed topic.
At the end of this process, you will hopefully find that you can identify several potential research questions. The purpose, rather, is to demonstrate how considering various arguments and approaches improves our understanding and engages us in new questions.
Print knowledge and letter-sound associations become internalized. This exposes the TiO2 NPs to photocatalysis and the potential for the generation of free radicals. Someone reading a literature review should gain an understanding of trends, issues, unresolved questions, controversies, and the importance of the scholarly knowledge related to a specific question topic.
This review is a further update to include relevant literature that has been published between May and August Subsequently, Filipe et al. The majority of NPs were detected mainly in the dermis surrounding hair follicles.
Also include a thesis statement that provides your evaluation of the state of current knowledge and of what needs further study, which should anticipate the specific research question you will arrive at in the end.
If you are having trouble selecting a review topic, our service can help. You may need to place some phrases in quotation marks to signal to the search engines that you are looking for a particular group of words, e. You would lack credibility and appear naive and uninformed if your analysis has already been convincingly put forth or refuted.
Resolve conflicts among seemingly contradictory previous studies 6.
All of these parameters were augmented by UV irradiation Pal et al.Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, Vol 14, No 13 Page 2 Randolph, Dissertation Literature Review framework for the self-evaluation of literature reviews.
Rule 1: Define a Topic and Audience. How to choose which topic to review?
There are so many issues in contemporary science that you could spend a lifetime of attending conferences and reading the literature just pondering what to review. Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, Vol 14, No 13 Page 2 Randolph, Dissertation Literature Review framework for the self-evaluation of literature reviews.
Rule 1: Define a Topic and Audience. How to choose which topic to review? There are so many issues in contemporary science that you could spend a lifetime of attending conferences and reading the literature just pondering what to review.
Definition. A literature review is both a summary and explanation of the complete and current state of knowledge on a limited topic as found in academic books and journal articles. PART I – LITERATURE REVIEW This literature review provides the reader with an overview of major academic works concerning child sexual abuse in the general.Download